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Gluten-free Brazilian cheese bread (Pão de Queijo)

Originally from Minas Gerais state, pão de queijo or Brazilian Cheese Puffs/Rolls is very popular as a breakfast item and also as a snack all over Brazil.

In my home as well, no special occasion is required to make and eat pão de queijo… Indeed, it has been part of our table for years.   

There are a lot of different recipes, in which the ingredients vary — as well as the final results.  However, what really sets pão de queijo apart from other breads is the manioc starch (tapioca flour) and cheese.

It is in fact the lightness of the manioc starch, which is finely milled, that gives the bread such a special texture.  Because the manioc starch or tapioca flour is gluten-free, this cheese bread is ideal for consumption by those on gluten-free diets.  This essential ingredient can be found in many Latin or Asian markets, or online.  Below are just 3 of the many different brands that commercialize this product.


In Brazil, the cheese of choice is most frequently either Minas cheese or parmesan cheese, although one can use other types.

Elise Bauer from Simply Recipes, for example, uses the Mexican queso fresco cheese in her pão de queijo recipe.  One of the recipes to be presented here is from her blog, namely the quick version of pão de queijo, which yields a more airy and puffy roll.

The other recipe is from me, which I will call the “traditional” pão de queijo because of the labor involved, and which yields a roll with a denser, chewier texture.

It is not always that I can spare the time to prepare my version, so for quite a while I had been searching unsuccessfully for a quick pão de queijo recipe that is both delicious and also not greasy — until I finally found hers.

I made some slight modifications, however.  Her pão de queijo recipe calls for olive oil, but I used a simple vegetable oil instead.  The baking time range was altered, too.  Also, I recommend that you warm up the milk a bit before adding to the recipe so that the mixture will blend better.  Finally, she uses queso fresco, while I used Parmesan in mine.

Oh, can you smell it baking already?


Quick Pão de Queijo 

 (Based on the Easy Brazilian Cheese Bread Recipe from Simply Recipes)

Yield: 16 mini rolls

Segment: Brazilian cuisine

pao de queijo



  • 1 egg, at room temperature
  • 1/3 cup vegetable oil
  • 2/3 cup milk (warm, preferably)
  • 1 1/2 cups tapioca flour or manioc starch
  • 1/2 cup grated cheese (Ms. Bauer uses the Mexican farmer’s cheese queso fresco while I use Parmesan)
  • 1 teaspoon of salt


1.Preheat oven to 400°F.

2. Grease a mini-muffin tin.  Blend all the ingredients in the blender until smooth.  Use a spatula if you need to scrape down the sides of the blender so that everything gets blended well.  At this point, the mixture can be stored in a closed container in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.

3. Pour mixture into the tin and wipe clean any excess or drips. Bake in the oven for 13-18 minutes or until all the batch is puffy and just lightly golden (Mine were ready in 13 minutes — at least the plain ones).  Remove from oven and let cool on a rack for a few minutes before serving.  Serve pão de queijo warm (or save to reheat later, if desired).



* 1/2 to 1 cup of roasted red bell peppers can also be blended with the other ingredients in the blender, or 1/2 cup of fresh basil leaves.  Because bell peppers contain water, it will take longer to bake.  They can be served with savory spreads or butter.

* The plain pão de queijo or cheese rolls can be served with savory spreads, butter, soft cream cheese, jams, nutella, dulce de leche, or guava paste. This is very common in Brazil. I spread a sweet potato jam and also a berry jam on mine, as you can see.

Traditional Pão de Queijo

(by me)

Yield: About 40 rolls

Segment: Brazilian cuisine


  • 1 cup sweet tapioca starch (polvilho doce)
  • 1 cup sour tapioca starch (polvilho azedo)
  • 1 tablespoon cornmeal
  • 1/3 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon butter
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/2 cup whole milk
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 extra-large egg or 2 medium
  • 1-1/4 cup grated parmesan cheese


1. Sift the flours (especially the sour one) and mix them together.

2. In a pan over medium heat, combine oil, butter, water, milk, and salt.  Simmer the mixture.  Then, let cool down a little bit.

3. Mix the flour mixture with the warm liquid mixture very well with a wooden spoon.  Then, wait for this mixture cool down enough to add the egg(s) one at a time.  Knead well with your hands.  Add the cheese and mix well.  The more homogeneous the dough, the better  — but also the more difficult to roll. Let rest for about 15 minutes at room temperature. Grease your hands with oil before forming each ball (small lemon size).  Place them on a tray and freeze them for about 30 minutes.

4. When frozen, store the balls in a ziploc bag in the freezer for up to 30 days (in this case, let them thaw at room temperature for 5-10 minutes before baking) or bake them at 375 F (about 180 degrees C) on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet for 18 to 20 minutes, or until lightly golden.  Serve pão de queijo warm.

Storage: Once baked, rolls can be stored in an airtight container at room temp for up 2 days.


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26 Responses to Gluten-free Brazilian cheese bread (Pão de Queijo)

  1. ubar leat March 31, 2012 at 2:49 pm #

    Thanks for some other magnificent article. Where else may anybody get that kind of info in such a perfect manner of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the search for such information.

    • Denise Browning March 31, 2012 at 4:02 pm #

      We’re welcome. Glad that you liked my article. Good luck on your presentation!

  2. Sania April 12, 2012 at 1:30 am #

    This potsnig knocked my socks off

  3. Cynthia August 8, 2013 at 4:55 pm #

    Amei suas duas receitas!!! Fico louca quando peço receitas de pao de queijo às minhas amigas e elas me dao as instrucoes como “um copo raso”, “meio copo”… Moro nos EUA e estou acostumada com a precisao das receitas americanas, e tudo em cups e nao em copos. Quando vejo receitas em “copos” me pergunto: “mas copo de que tamanho?????” rsrsrs
    Obrigada pelas receitas, vou testar as duas! Estou animada sobre a de liquidificador, pois cresci minha infancia toda comendo este, da versao mais facil! Adorei!

    • Denise Browning August 8, 2013 at 9:23 pm #

      Cynthia: Bem-vinda a FBTY!!! Eu entendo. Como também estou acostumada a medidas precisas, não consigo fazer as receitas brasileiras sem que algo saia errado. 🙂 FBTY é o meu projeto de pôr por escrito receitas brasileiras corretas. Quando vejo receitas de livros ou sites brasileiros, sei que o copo é de 250 ml enquanto que o nosso que moramos aqui nos EUA é de 240 ml ou 8 oz. Mesmo assim, falta precisão na maioria das receitas brasileiras. Espero que usando as minhas receitas você consiga fazê-las sem problema. Se houver alguma dúvida, é só falar que terei prazer de te ajudar. Um abraço!

  4. Quinny September 17, 2013 at 8:01 pm #

    I love this,will try to buy two kind of tapioca starch but not sure if I can find some,I’m living in Boston,do u have any idea where can I buy them?thanks

  5. Quinny November 10, 2013 at 12:13 pm #

    hi, I can find sour tapioca Starch here but i cannot find the sweet tapioca starch, you mentioned about the manioc starch above, did you mean sweet tapioca starch = manioc starch one? Thank you

    • Denise Browning November 10, 2013 at 1:24 pm #

      Yes, Quinny! The manioc starch is the same as sweet tapioca starch which is available at both Latin and Asian stores.

      • Quinny November 10, 2013 at 7:44 pm #

        Thank you, I got it today. Very hard to find sweet one but there are so many manioc here. Will try your recipe and let you know

  6. Julio Navarrete December 16, 2015 at 10:42 pm #

    I will advise to not use Milk, oil or even less hot ingredients. Make it simple and easier…:

    400gr Tapioca starch

    150gr grated cheese

    teaspoon salt

    2 eggs

    some yeast to help blow.

    300ml cold water

    It’s more healthy and easier…same taste and same looking as all recipes above.

    Enjoy it

  7. Alex Ribeiro August 17, 2016 at 2:47 pm #

    I’m in love with these two recipes, I try to do at home

    • Denise Browning August 17, 2016 at 10:45 pm #

      Thank you! I hope you try both and enjoy. One is quick and made in the blender, and the other is more the traditional way to make pao de queijo. 😉


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